Potential of Electric Energy from Waste in Kaliurang Tourism Area, Sleman, Special Region of Yogyakarta

Syamsul Ma'arif, Wardoyo Wardoyo

Abstract


Kaliurang Tourism Area, located in Sleman Regency, is a very famous tourist area in Yogyakarta. The minimum number of visitors in one month is 35,742 people. A large number of visitors have the potential to produce waste, especially organic waste. Organic waste is often processed into energy sources, especially electricity. This study aims to determine the magnitude of the potential electrical energy generated from organic waste in the Kaliurang Tourism Area using the gasification process. Waste generated from visitors, especially organic waste and paper waste, is processed into charcoal. The charcoal produced is used as a feed for the gasification process. Synthetic gas produced from the gasification process is used as generator fuel. The calculation results show that the average garbage in the Kaliurang Tourism Area is 119.14 kgs per day. The processed waste is 66.9% or 79.7 kgs organic waste and 9.5% or 11.32 kgs of paper waste. Waste is processed into charcoal at 8.46 kg per day. Based on calculations obtained, the potential of the electric energy produced is 51.02 kWh. At the same time, the magnitude of the potential electrical energy produced is 0.23 kW.

Keywords


electric energy potential; waste; kaliurang tourism area; gasification

Full Text:

PDF

References


H. Anas, "Studi Perkembangan Wilayah dan Daya Dukung Lingkungan Kepariwisataan di Wilayah Yogyakarta Utara Kaliurang," Domestic Case Studi, Sekolah Tinggi Pariwisata Ambarrukmo Yogyakarta, pp. 1-9, 2018.

F. A. Burhan, "Jelang Pergantian Tahun, Kaliurang Mulai Dibanjiri Wisatawan," Harian Jogja, 28 Desember 2018. [Online].

Available: https://jogjapolitan.harianjogja.com/read/2018/12/28/512/961689/jelang-pergantian-tahun-kaliurang-mulai-dibanjiri-wisatawan. [Accessed 20 January 2020].

AJP Journalist Team, "Bupati Ajak Warga Kelola Sampah Kawasan Wisata," 26 Februari 2017. [Online].

Available: https://www.timesindonesia.co.id/read/news/143202/bupati-ajak-warga-kelola-sampah-kawasan-wisata. [Accessed 10 January 2020].

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan, "170 kg Sampah Berhasil Terkumpul di Kaliurang," 4 Maret 2019. [Online].

Available: http://ksdae.menlhk.go.id/info/5552/170-kg-sampah-berhasil-terkumpul-di-kaliurang.html. [Accessed 20 January, 2020].

S. Ma'arif, "Potensi Energi Listrik Hasil Gasifikasi Sampah Organik dari Wisatawan di Pantai Parangtritis," in Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Engineering Perhotelan (KNEP) X, Denpasar, 2019.

M. N. Aridito and S. Ma'arif, "Potensi Energi Listrik dari Sampah Berbasis Gasifikasi di Kawasan Village Center Bali," in Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Engineering Perhotelan (KNEP) X, Denpasar, 2019.

M. Monice and P. Perinov, "Analisis Potensi Sampah sebagai Bahan Baku Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Sampah (PLTSa) di Pekanbaru," SainETIn (Jurnal Sain, Energi, Teknologi & Industri), vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 9-16, 2016.

W. Widyawidura and J. I. Pongoh, "Potensi Waste to Energi Sampah Perkotaan untuk Kapasitas 1 MW di Propinsi DIY," Jurnal Mekanika dan Sistem Termal (JMST), vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 21-25, 2016.

A. Ridwan and B. Istana, "Analisis Pengaruh Variasi Bahan Bakar Biomassa terhadap Mampu Nyala dan Kandungan Tar pada Reaktor Gasifikasi Tipe Updraft," Jurnal Engine: Energi, Manufaktur, dan Material, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 7-17, 2018.

S. Ma'arif, R. J. Sari and M. Syamsiro, "Studi Kelayakan Ekonomi Pembangunan PLTD Sistem Dual Fuel dengan Gasifikasi Sekam Padi Kapasitas 50 kVA," Jurnal Mekanika dan Sistem Termal (JMST), vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 26-31, 2016.

M. Syamsiro, S. Ma'arif, W. Widyawidura, A. S. Nizami, M. Rehan, and I. Ismail, "Feasibility Study of Pilot Scale Gasification Systems for Rice Husk Power Generation in Java Island, Indonesia," in Proceedings of the 2nd Renewable Energy Sources-Research and Business Conference (RESRB), Wroclaw, Poland, 2017.

S. Ma'arif, W. Widyawidura, M. N. Aridito, H. D. Kurniasari, and M. Kismurtono, "Waste-to-Energy Development Using Organic Waste Recycling System (OWRS): A Study Case of Giwangan Market," International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 354-362, 2019.

BPS Kabupaten Sleman, "Jumlah Pengunjung Wisata Alam Kaliurang Menurut Wisatawan Asing dan Domestik per Bulan di Kabupaten Sleman, 2016," 15 November 2017. [Online].

Available: https://slemankab.bps.go.id/statictable/2017/11/15/243/jumlah-pengunjung-wisata-alam-kaliurang-menurut-wisatawan-asing-dan-domestik-per-bulan-di-kabupaten-sleman-2016.html. [Accessed 20 January 2020].

R. Akbari, "Analisis Timbulan dan Komposisi Sampah di Kawasan Bhumi Merapi dan Stonehenge Kaliurang, Sleman, D.I. Yogyakarta," Program Studi Teknik Lingkungan, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta, 2018.

S. Maarif, W. Widyawidura, M. N. Aridito, H. D. Kurniasari and M. Kismurtono, "Waste-to-Energy Development Using Organic Waste Recycling System (OWRS): A Study Case of Giwangan Market," International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 354-362, 2019.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30588/conserve.v4i1.718

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Syamsul Ma'arif, Wardoyo Wardoyo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Flag Counter

View My Stats