The Influence of Particle Size and Fuel Consumption Rate on Oil Characteristics from Pyrolysis of Aluminum Foil Coated Polyethylene (Al-PE) Waste

Muhammad Noviansyah Aridito

Abstract


The collection of oil and aluminum is an effort made in order to utilize waste from Aluminum Foil Coated Polyethylene (Al-PE). Meanwhile, pyrolysis is one of the conversion technologies that can be used to treat this kind of waste. The materials that would be used in this research is Al-PE plastic waste. This research aims to determine the effect of fuel consumption rate and particle size on the oil characteristics from pyrolysis of aluminum foil coated polyethylene plastic (AI-pE) waste. The material used in this research is Al-PE plastic waste. The selected particle size variations were 50 × 50 mm and 100 × 100 mm for 130 minutes with variations in fuel consumption rate of 4.77 g/min, 377 g/min and 2.46 g/ min. The resultant pyrolysis and aluminum oil is measured to obtain yield. The results showed that Al-PE pyrolysis oil has a brownish yellow color, distinctive odor, flammability and physical character close to kerosene even to gasoline. The oil yield is between 6.9% wt to 22.4% wt. The highest oil yield and highest heating value obtained from sample A with particle size 50 × 50 mm and fuel consumption rate 4.99 g/min (0.29 kg/h) per kg of Al-PE for 130 min with material density in reactor 27 kg/m3.

Keywords


Pyrolysis, Al-PE, heating rate, particle size

Full Text:

PDF

References


R. Ermawati, "Konversi Limbah Plastik sebagai Sumber Energi Alternatif," Jurnal Riset Industri, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 257-263, 2011.

Kementerian Negara Lingkungan Hidup Republik Indonesia, Statistik Persampahan Indonesia Tahun 2008, 2008.

A. Purwanti and Sumarni, "Kinetika Reaksi Pirolisis Low Density Polietilena," Jurnal Teknologi, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 135-140, 2008.

A. S. Chaurasia and B. B. V., Modellimg & Simulationof Pyrolisis of Biomass: effect of Thermal Conductiity, Reactor, Temperature and Particle Size on Product Concentration, India: Pillani, 2005.

P. T. William, "Analysis and Application of Pyrolisis," Journal of Renewable Energy, vol. 29, pp. 111-128, 1994.

S. Beslar and P. T. William, "The Influence of Temperature and Heating Rate on Slow Pyrolisis of Biomass," Journal of Renewable Energy, vol. 7, pp. 233-250, 1996.

A. Lopez, I. d. Marco and A. A. M. F. Laresgoiti, "Influence of Time and Temperature on Pyrolisis of Plastic Wastes in Semi-Batch Reactor," Chemical Engineerung Journal, vol. 173, pp. 62-71, 2011.

J. J. Park, "Characteristic of LDPE Pyrolisis," Korean Journal Chemical, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 658-662, 2002.

J. Pranata, "Pemanfaatan Sabut dan tempurung Kelapa serta Cangkang Sawit untuk Pembuatan Asap Cair," Jurusan Teknik Kimia, Fakultas Teknik Universitas Malikussaleh, Lhokseumawe, 2007.

I. G. Wiratmaja, "Pengujian Karakteristik Fisika Biogasoline sebagai Bahan Bakar Alternatif Pengganti Bensin," Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Mesin Cakra, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 145-154, 2010.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30588/cjees.v1i1.250

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Muhammad Noviansyah Aridito

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Flag Counter

View My Stats