Rancang Bangun Mesin Perajang Singkong yang Memenuhi Aspek Ergonomis untuk Meningkatkan Produktivitas Pekerja

Putri Rachmawati

Abstract


Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, which are often referred to as SMEs in the field of food processing in Yogyakarta, are numerous one of which is the cassava processing SMEs in Gunungkidul Regency. Cassava is an agricultural commodity that is a typical local product of Special District of Yogyakarta, especially in Gunungkidul Regency. SMEs are proven as a support of the national economy during the global economic crisis, for that it must be considered and developed thoughtfully. Workers at cassava processing SMEs often experience several complaints. This study aims to analyze the claims and needs of workers in cassava processing SMEs, then made a cassava chopper redesign tool that meets the ergonomic aspects and increases the productivity of these cassava processing SMEs. Analysis of worker complaints is done by distributing questionnaires about the comfort level of the work process. It is subsequently translated into the redesign of cassava chopper tools in the form of computer design drawings. After that, the process of making the redesign of machines and testing productivity. The driving motor used is an electric motor 1 PK. Based on the analysis of complaints and the needs of workers in cassava processing SMEs, it was found that the correlation between the needs of workers and the value of technical characteristics with the results obtained was 73.95. While the results of experiments that have been carried out on cassava chopper machines that have been carried out in redesign and construction that meet ergonomic aspects or comfort levels have a productivity level of 40 kgs/hour.


Keywords


SMEs; cassava; redesign; cassava chopper machine; ergonomic; productivity

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aditya, I. (2018, Juli 30). Produksi Ubikayu Gunungkidul Turun 60 Persen. Retrieved Oktober 5, 2019, from KR Jogja: https://krjogja.com/web/news/read/73267/Produksi_Ubikayu_Gunungkidul_Turun_60_Persen

Andrianto, M., & Fahriansyah, F. (2019). Mesin Pencacah Limbah Kulit Kakao. Jurnal Engine: Energi, Manufaktur, dan Material, 3(1), 1-7. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.30588/jeemm.v3i1.480

BPS DIY. (2017, Agustus 02). Luas Lahan Pertanian. Retrieved Oktober 7, 2019, from Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi D.I. Yogyakarta: https://yogyakarta.bps.go.id/dynamictable/2017/08/02/73/luas-lahan-pertanian-.html

Koran Jakarta. (2017, Oktober 27). Petani dan UMKM Penyelamat Krisis Ekonomi 1998 Justru Dimatikan. Retrieved Oktober 5, 2019, from Koran Jakarta: http://www.koran-jakarta.com/petani-dan-umkm-penyelamat-krisis-ekonomi-1998-justru-dimatikan/

Kristanto, A., & Widodo, S. C. (2015). Perancangan Ulang Alat Perontok Padi yang Ergonomis untuk Meningkatkan Produktivitas dan Kualitas Kebersihan Padi. Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri, 14(1), 78-85.

Ma'arif, S. (2011). Rancang Bangun Alat Penggiling Tebu untuk Meningkatkan Volume Air Nira pada Industri Kecil Gula Merah. Yogyakarta: Magister Sistem Teknik, Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Priono, H., Ilyas, M. Y., Nugroho, A. R., Setyawan, D., Maulidiyah, L., & Anugrah, R. A. (2019). Desain Pencacah Serabut Kelapa dengan Penggerak Motor Listrik. Jurnal Engine: Energi, Manufaktur, dan Material, 3(1), 23-28. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.30588/jeemm.v3i1.494

Rahmawati, F. (2009). Pengembangan Industri Kreatif Melalui Pemanfaatan Pangan Lokal Singkong. Seminar Nasional "Peran Pendidikan Kejuruan dalam Pengembangan Industri Kreatif" (pp. 130-137). Yogyakarta: Jurusan PTBB FT UNY.

Sugiyanto, S., & Trisnowati, J. (2018). Rancang Bangun Mesin Perajang Kerupuk Jengkol untuk Meningkatkan Pendapatan UKM. Jurnal Engine: Energi, Manufaktur, dan Material, 2(2), 25-30. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.30588/jeemm.v2i2.421

Sularso, & Suga, K. (1997). Dasar Perancangan dan Pemilihan Elemen Mesin. Jakarta: PT. Pradnya Paramita.

Wignyosoebroto, S. (2006). The Development of Ergonomics Method: Pendekatan Ergonomi Menjawab Problematika Industri. Surabaya: Laboratorium Ergonomi dan Perancangan Sistem Kerja, Teknik Industri, ITS.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30588/jeemm.v3i2.581

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Putri Rachmawati

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Engine: Energi, Manufaktur, dan Material is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Engine: Energi, Manufaktur, dan Material has been indexed by:
             
 
 
Free counters!
 
Jurnal Engine: Energi, Manufaktur, dan Material  
Office: Soekarno Building, 2nd Floor, Jl. Proklamasi No. 1, Babarsari, Yogyakarta (55281)
Email: jurnal.engine@up45.ac.id; jeemm.up45@gmail.com
ISSN (online): 2579-7433